Back in 2014, the United States Department of Labor made a projection for the next ten years of the growth rates for various engineering disciplines. Overall the number of jobs will increase by 4% or approximately 65,000 new jobs, however, each field is different in its exact increase or decrease. Here is a list of some of the values for different occupations:
Aerospace engineers: -2.3% with a total projected employment of 70,800
Biomedical engineers: 23.1% with a total projected employment of 27,200
Civil engineers: 8.4% with a total projected employment of 305,000
Computer hardware engineers: 3.1% with a total projected employment of 80,100
Mechanical engineers: 5.3% with a total projected employment of 292,100
There were many more occupations listed in the data-set most are increases over the next ten years. However, aerospace, nuclear, and electronic engineers (except computer) are projected to lose jobs. From the above data biomedical is the highest growing by percentage, but when looking at total jobs created civil engineering is the highest growing engineering occupation. For all engineering occupations, a bachelor’s degree is typically needed to enter, however higher education is preferred. This also means on average they are paid more with the median wage in 2015 being about $90,000. Overall, engineering except for biomedical and about 6 other occupations are growing at or higher than the average growth of all occupations (not just engineering) of 6.5%.